Sleep disturbances are one of the most underdiagnosed issues in children. It is generally recognised that there are 6 fundamental developmental needs that children need in order to thrive, these are; human connection, play, physical activity, quality nutrition, language, and sleep.
Sleep is often the one that the least emphasis is placed on, yet having good quality sleep promotes; improvements in memory and learning, improved emotional and sensory regulation, increased immune system, and a decreased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart conditions, mental health issues, and developmental delays. So although sleep is often overlooked, it is a cornerstone for allowing all other areas to develop properly.
Research tells us that children of the same age, require a similar amount of sleep per day. If a child is sleeping excessively more or less than their peers, then there is something causing a sleep disturbance.